Groundwater

Groundwater is an important resource of water for human activities, specially of drinking water: of the 1% of freshwater available on the word for human needs, the 96% is in the form of groundwater. The quality of groundwater is usually high, even if this vital resource is vulnerable to contamination: underground storage tanks, landfills, septic systems, pesticides, leaks or spills of industrial chemicals at manufacturing facilities are some potential sources of pollution. Managing the groundwater resource should be determined to protect its quality and quantity. This is not a simple task because the phenomena that take place into the aquifer systems are not completely known and aquifers are like “black box” due to the scarcity of data available for their characterization, first of all the characterization of the heterogeneous transmissivity field. Well known topics, like for instance the interpretation of pumping tests, have been traditionally developed for homogeneous fields and become tricky when applied to field conditions that most of the times move away from those of the theory. In this scenario, challenging tasks of the scientific community are on the one hand to deepen the knowledge of the phenomena that involve groundwater (for instance, how and to which extent the recharge affects the spread of pollution plumes), on the other hand to develop tools to manage the uncertainty that is intrinsic in the aquifer systems. The research activity moves in this framework and considers both theoretical and practical issues.

Research Topics
  SchemaMC
Hyporeic transport                        Geostatistics