Hydraulics, history and architecture

The birth of modern hydraulics dates to late Renaissance, when mathematicians began to acquire and systematize the technical knowledge developed on this subject by engineers and architects in civil works.
Amog the latter, Leonardo da Vinci was not only a remarkable technician, because he also developed a personal and complex vision of some theoretical points of hydraulics, based on field observations and laboratory experimentation.

From the XV to the XIX century, moreover, hydraulics was also a fundamental discipline in the construction of a variety of water features for parks and gardens in Europe. Famous mathematicians was also involved in solving some technical problems (like Euler with the fountains of Sanssouci, Berlin) contributing to the progress of th entire discipline. 
Today, hydraulic engineering can improve significantly the quality of projects for the restoration of historical parks and gardens, especially with regard to water balance as well as management and technical issues.

Research topics
      gardensQ       leonardoQ
Hydraulics and gardens restoration             Leonardian fluid mechanics